Dritter im Bunde ist: LUSAT-OSCAR Er wurde zusammen mit den beiden Microsats AO und WO auch am mit einer Ariane 4 von Kourou . OSCAR 19 (auch LUSAT, Lusat-OSCAR 19 oder LO; LU ist das ITU-Präfix argentinischer Rufzeichen) ist ein argentinischer Amateurfunksatellit. Er war der . 5. März Die Comedians Tiffany Haddish und Maya Rudolph trugen Pumps - aber nicht an den Füßen: "Mein kleiner Zeh ist abgefallen", sagte Rudolph.
Han vistades i Tyskland en stor del av sommaren Man försökte därmed förgäves tvinga kungen att abdikera.
I företalet säger han:. Vidare utdömas spö- och risstraffen samt deportation. Det utgivna kriminallagförslaget vinner Oscars lovord och erkännande.
I enlighet därmed upptas som rättvisa och förnuftiga straff: Oscar övertog styrelsen 8 mars han kröntes i Stockholm 28 september men blev inte krönt i Norge.
Han läste själv korrektur till viktigare förordningar. Han hade inga riktiga gunstlingar och knappast heller vänner. Med en nybildad moderat-liberal ministär mötte Oscar sin första riksdag.
Regeringen förhöll sig neutral, och förslaget förkastades. Kungen hade i själva verket inget djupare intresse för en grundlig omdaning av representationen.
Nästföljande riksdag —48 möttes av en rad viktiga propositioner: Kungen gjorde en nästan fullständig ministärförändring.
Den nya ministärens huvuduppgift blev att utarbeta ett nytt representationsförslag. De mer liberala medlemmarna av ministären utträdde snart och ersattes av strängt konservativa.
Man grep sig i stället an med de ekonomiska reformerna. Ett första förslag om grundskatteförenkling antogs av riksdagen. Det resterande delades mellan kung Gustaf och prinsarna Carl, Oscar och Eugen.
Det har förekommit en omfattande ryktesspridning som ger vid handen att kung Oscar med dessa och andra kvinnor fick ett flertal utomäktenskapliga barn, [ 11 ] exempelvis med Walfrida von Ehrenclou Bäckström sonen Arthur Bäckström.
Hedersamiral i Brittiska flottan , 15 juni Visningar Visa Redigera Redigera wikitext Visa historik. Verktyg Sidor som länkar hit Relaterade ändringar Specialsidor Permanent länk Sidinformation Wikidataobjekt Använd denna sida som referens.
Sidan redigerades senast den 21 oktober kl. Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen Creative Commons Erkännande-dela-lika 3. Gustaf V Oscar Carl Eugen.
Jeanne de Saint Vincent. Drottning Desideria av Sverige och Norge. Vicomte Alexandre de Beauharnais. Kung Maximilian I av Bayern.
Prinsessan Augusta Amalia av Bayern. Lantgrevinnan Augusta av Hessen-Darmstadt. Pfalzisk-neumarktska ätten , drottseten och ätten Bonde — Oldenburgska ätten och drottseten — Sveriges kungahus och regenter.
Erik Segersälls ätt — Stenkilska ätten och tronstrider — Sverkerska och Erikska ätterna — The main method is a week-long theatrical release in either Los Angeles County or New York City during the eligibility period.
Films also can qualify by winning specified awards at one of a number of competitive film festivals designated by the Academy. Finally, a film that is selected as a gold, silver, or bronze medal winner in the Documentary category of the immediately previous Student Academy Awards is also eligible.
For example, the Best Picture winner, The Hurt Locker , was actually first released in , but did not qualify for the awards as it did not play its Oscar-qualifying run in Los Angeles until mid, thus qualifying for the awards.
Foreign films must include English subtitles, and each country can submit only one film per year. This followed the win of O.
Made in America , an eight-hour presentation that was screened in a limited release before being broadcast in five parts on ABC and ESPN , in that category in The Academy's announcement of the new rule made no direct mention of that film.
Producers must submit an Official Screen Credits online form before the deadline; in case it is not submitted by the defined deadline, the film will be ineligible for Academy Awards in any year.
The form includes the production credits for all related categories. Then, each form is checked and put in a Reminder List of Eligible Releases.
In late December ballots and copies of the Reminder List of Eligible Releases are mailed to around 6, active members. For most categories, members from each of the branches vote to determine the nominees only in their respective categories i.
In the special case of Best Picture, all voting members are eligible to select the nominees. In all major categories, a variant of the single transferable vote is used, with each member casting a ballot with up to five nominees ten for Best Picture ranked preferentially.
In most categories the winner is selected from among the nominees by plurality voting of all members.
Film companies will spend as much as several million dollars on marketing to awards voters for a movie in the running for Best Picture, in attempts to improve chances of receiving Oscars and other movie awards conferred in Oscar season.
The Academy enforces rules to limit overt campaigning by its members so as to try to eliminate excesses and prevent the process from becoming undignified.
It has an awards czar on staff who advises members on allowed practices and levies penalties on offenders. The major awards are presented at a live televised ceremony, commonly in late February or early March following the relevant calendar year, and six weeks after the announcement of the nominees.
It is the culmination of the film awards season, which usually begins during November or December of the previous year.
This is an elaborate extravaganza, with the invited guests walking up the red carpet in the creations of the most prominent fashion designers of the day.
Black tie dress is the most common outfit for men, although fashion may dictate not wearing a bow-tie , and musical performers sometimes do not adhere to this.
The artists who recorded the nominees for Best Original Song quite often perform those songs live at the awards ceremony, and the fact that they are performing is often used to promote the television broadcast.
The Academy Awards is the only awards show televised live in the United States excluding Hawaii , Canada, and the United Kingdom, and gathers millions of viewers elsewhere throughout the world.
The Oscars were first televised in by NBC , which continued to broadcast the event until , when ABC took over, televising the festivities including the first color broadcast of the event in through NBC regained the rights for five years —75 , then ABC resumed broadcast duties in and its current contract with the Academy runs through The ceremony was broadcast live internationally for the first time via satellite since , but only two South American countries, Chile and Brazil, purchased the rights to air the broadcast.
By that time, the television rights to the Academy Awards had been sold in 50 countries. A decade later, the rights were already being sold to 60 countries, and by , the TV rights to the Awards were licensed in 76 countries.
The earlier date is also to the advantage of ABC, as it now usually occurs during the highly profitable and important February sweeps period.
Some years, the ceremony is moved into first Sunday of March in order to avoid clash with the Winter Olympic Games.
Another reason for the move to late February and early March is also to avoid the awards ceremony occurring so close to the religious holidays of Passover and Easter , which for decades had been a grievance from members and the general public.
Advertising is somewhat restricted, however, as traditionally no movie studios or competitors of official Academy Award sponsors may advertise during the telecast.
The production of the Academy Awards telecast currently holds the distinction of winning the most Emmys in history, with 47 wins and nominations overall since that award's own launch in After many years of being held on Mondays at 9: However, such an accelerated schedule would dramatically decrease the voting period for its members, to the point where some voters would only have time to view the contending films streamed on their computers as opposed to traditionally receiving the films and ballots in the mail.
Originally scheduled for 8 April , the 40th Academy Awards ceremony was postponed for two days, because of the assassination of Dr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. In , an In Memoriam segment was introduced,  honoring those who had made a significant contribution to cinema who had died in the preceding 12 months, a selection compiled by a small committee of Academy members.
Criticism was also levied for many years regarding another aspect, with the segment having a " popularity contest " feel as the audience varied their applause to those who had died by the subject's cultural impact; the applause has since been muted during the telecast, and the audience is discouraged from clapping during the segment and giving silent reflection instead.
In terms of broadcast length, the ceremony generally averages three and a half hours. At the other end of the spectrum, the ceremony lasted four hours and twenty-three minutes.
This, according to organizer Bill Mechanic, was to ensure the elimination of what he termed "the single most hated thing on the show" — overly long and embarrassing displays of emotion.
Although still dominant in ratings, the viewership of the Academy Awards have steadily dropped; the 88th Academy Awards were the lowest-rated in the past eight years although with increases in male and viewership , while the show itself also faced mixed reception.
Following the show, Variety reported that ABC was, in negotiating an extension to its contract to broadcast the Oscars, seeking to have more creative control over the broadcast itself.
Currently and nominally, AMPAS is responsible for most aspects of the telecast, including the choice of production staff and hosting, although ABC is allowed to have some input on their decisions.
Historically, the "Oscarcast" has pulled in a bigger haul when box-office hits are favored to win the Best Picture trophy. By contrast, ceremonies honoring films that have not performed well at the box office tend to show weaker ratings.
In , the first Academy Awards were presented at a banquet dinner at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. From to , the ceremony alternated between two venues: Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood then hosted the awards from to , followed by the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles from to From to , the awards were presented at Hollywood's Pantages Theatre.
In , the Dolby Theatre previously known as the Kodak Theatre became the presentation's current venue. In the first year of the awards, the Best Directing award was split into two categories Drama and Comedy.
From the s through the s, the Art Direction now Production Design , Cinematography, and Costume Design awards were likewise split into two categories black-and-white films and color films.
In August , the Academy announced that several categories would not be televised live, but rather be recorded during commercial breaks and aired later in the ceremony.
The Board of Governors meets each year and considers new award categories. To date, the following proposed categories have been rejected:. The Special Academy Awards are voted on by special committees, rather than by the Academy membership as a whole.
They are not always presented on a consistent annual basis. Due to the positive exposure and prestige of the Academy Awards, studios spend millions of dollars and hire publicists specifically to promote their films during what is typically called the " Oscar season ".
This has generated accusations of the Academy Awards being influenced more by marketing than quality. William Friedkin , an Academy Award-winning film director and former producer of the ceremony, expressed this sentiment at a conference in New York in , describing it as "the greatest promotion scheme that any industry ever devised for itself".
Tim Dirks, editor of AMC's filmsite. Unfortunately, the critical worth, artistic vision, cultural influence and innovative qualities of many films are not given the same voting weight.
Especially since the s, moneymaking "formula-made" blockbusters with glossy production values have often been crowd-pleasing titans and Best Picture winners , but they haven't necessarily been great films with depth or critical acclaim by any measure.
Typical criticism of the Academy Awards for Best Picture is that among the winners and nominees there is an over-representation of romantic historical epics, biographical dramas, romantic dramedies, and family melodramas, most of which are released in the U.
The Oscars have been infamously known for selecting specific genres of movies to be awarded. This has led to the coining of the term ' Oscar bait ', describing such movies.
This has led at times to more specific criticisms that the Academy is disconnected from the audience, e. The Academy Awards have long received criticism over its lack of diversity among the nominees.
In response, the Academy initiated "historic" changes in membership by the year Acting prizes in certain years have been criticized for not recognizing superior performances so much as being awarded for personal popularity  or presented as a "career honor" to recognize a distinguished nominee's entire body of work.
Some winners critical of the Academy Awards have boycotted the ceremonies and refused to accept their Oscars. Nichols boycotted the 8th Academy Awards ceremony because of conflicts between the Academy and the Writers' Guild.
Nichols was nominated for three further Academy Awards during his career. Scott became the second person to refuse his award Best Actor in for Patton at the 43rd Academy Awards ceremony.
Scott described it as a "meat parade", saying "I don't want any part of it. The third person to refuse the award was Marlon Brando , who refused his award Best Actor for 's The Godfather citing the film industry's discrimination and mistreatment of Native Americans.
At the 45th Academy Awards ceremony, Brando sent actress and civil rights activist Sacheen Littlefeather to read a page speech detailing his criticisms.
Beatty had been given the wrong envelope by a partner from PricewaterhouseCoopers, and after hesitating during the announcement, during which PricewaterhouseCoopers failed to correct their error, handed the envelope to Dunaway, which listed Emma Stone as Best Actress for La La Land and led to the confusion.
The following year, Beatty and Dunaway were invited back as announcers for Best Picture winner, and this time they were handed the correct envelope, which PricewaterhouseCoppers accomplished without error.
It has become a tradition to give out gift bags to the presenters and performers at the Oscars. In recent years, these gifts have also been extended to award nominees and winners.
Internal Revenue Service issued a statement regarding the gifts and their taxable status. The term "Oscar" is a registered trademark of the AMPAS; however, in the Italian language , it is used generically to refer to any award or award ceremony, regardless of which field.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Oscar disambiguation. List of Academy Awards ceremonies. This section may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies.
Please help to create a more balanced presentation. Discuss and resolve this issue before removing this message. This section needs expansion.
You can help by adding to it. Archived from the original on 3 August Retrieved 6 November Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 13 April Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 2 March